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While often fun and enjoyable, winter weather can present health risks if you are overexposed to the cold temperatures. If you notice any of the symptoms below, seek immediate medical treatment.

Frostbite occurs when soft tissue, usually in the fingers or toes, freezes. While severe cases can result in amputation, most cause no permanent damage if the skin is warmed up carefully.


  • Blisters
  • Numbness
  • Blackness
  • Tingling, throbbing, redness and/or swelling of affected area upon re-warming


  • Move the numb part of the body to increase blood supply
  • Go indoors immediately
  • Do not rub the affected area in effort to warm it up, as it may cause tissue damage
  • Place the affected area in warm (not hot) water.

This information is not intended to replace the advice of a physician. It is information that is generally available. Each person has unique medical needs based on several factors including age, genetics, body type and build, medications,exposures to illness and medical history, to name a few. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition that you are experiencing. If you are suffering from a non-emergent medical situation, it is suggested that you visit the nearest MedExpress center or your family physician. If you believe you are experiencing a medical emergency, call 911.